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I was with my friend, Mark, for a ruffed grouse hunt in northern New Hampshire. The spot we were hunting was an area about 20 minutes away from his home in Lancaster. Mark has a remote cabin on this property that is loaded with grouse. It also has its fair share of black bears. 

As we geared up, I noticed that besides his shotgun, Mark was also carrying two side arms: a Ruger Mark II .22 LR semi-automatic and a Smith & Wesson Model 66-5 .357 Magnum revolver with a 4-inch barrel. While a sidearm is nothing unusual (I carry a Springfield XD-S 3.3 .45ACP semiautomatic, myself), I was wondering, Why is he carrying two sidearms?

So, I asked him. “The ‘big’ gun is just in case we run into any bears that don’t decide to go the other way, and the .22 is for those darned porcupines and red squirrels that constantly tear up my cabin,” Mark explained.

You do not want to come face-to-face with a grizzly bear without some means of protection.

This all made sense to me, although I thought it was a little much. With that cleared up, we finished loading up the truck and headed out.


Northern New Hampshire’s woods contain more dangers than just bears: Eastern coyotes, which are much larger than their Western cousins, and moose, an animal that kills or injures more people than bears in this area. A shotgun loaded with birdshot will do nothing to either a bear or a moose, so a large-caliber handgun is necessary carry. We never did run into a bear or even a porcupine during the hunt. The moose—well, that’s another story.

Grouse season happens to coincide with the fall moose rut, which makes these large animals even more unpredictable. As we crossed a beaver dam, we heard the bellowing and crashing of a bull moose. The marsh was on either side of us, so we had no place to run. If we were caught there, we were doomed. Our only defense was the handguns we carried, so we made sure we could put our hands on them quickly if we had to.

Luckily, that did not happen, but that was the closest I have ever come to having to draw my sidearm anywhere but on the range. In this particular case, the larger-caliber guns were the right choice.

Moose are the most dangerous animal (other than humans) in New England forests. It takes the right handgun to defend yourself from this animal.

But that doesn’t mean it’s the right choice for all situations. It’s better to have too much than not enough; but then, you have to ask, Is there such a thing as too much? My answer to that: It all depends on the situation and the area you will be in. Let’s look at different scenarios.

Seeing a sign chewed up by bears should give fair warning not to venture out without being properly armed. The author suggests a .44 Magnum or a 10mm.

We don’t have many dangerous snakes or mountain lions here in New England (the occasional Timber rattlesnake is encountered), but I have found myself in the deserts of Arizona and other places out West where venomous snake encounters are the norm, and lion encounters do happen.

I also have friends who live in Kentucky, Tennessee and North Carolina, where copperheads and rattlesnakes are often encountered, especially when getting wood from the woodpile. My friends always carry a .22—loaded with shorts, LR or WMR—because you just never know.

A Ruger Mark II or Mark III (shown) .22 LR makes for perfect carry guns when you are out to dispatch porcupines or squirrels. (Photo: Robb Manning)

A Ruger Mark IV .22LR semi-automatic with See-All sight (Photo: Robb Manning)

When these same folks go hunting, it is an entirely different story. They normally carry a .357 Magnum, .45 ACP, .45 Colt or a .44 Magnum as their sidearm, because bears, coyotes and wild boars are always a threat. If it is too close for a long gun, or if they go into brush after a wounded animal, the knockdown power these rounds offer can be comforting.

The Ruger Redhawk .44 Magnum is one of the carry guns used by the author’s friend, Mark. It is a very good choice for bears or moose. (Photo: Ruger)


When hiking, whether alone or with your family, there is always that chance of running into these previously mentioned threats… or some of the two-legged kind.

Personally, I still like my .45 ACP, but a .38 Special, .40 S&W, 9mm or even a .380 ACP will take care of coyotes and two-legged attackers if the need arises. Plus, these calibers are small enough for either my wife or daughter to use effectively. The key word here is “effectively,” because although they can use the .45 ACP, it is a large gun, and I want them to feel comfortable using it. The .357 Magnum is more than enough gun to do the job, but when I’m on a long hike with my family, the extra weight of this firearm does take a toll after a while.

Worn outside the coat, this sidearm is accessible if needed. (Photo: Mark Goddard)


My friend, Stan, carries a Ruger .40 S&W semi-automatic every time he ventures out into the woods. I asked him, “Why a .40?” He said, “I’m not worried about bears or anything else while I am hunting. That is what I have my rifle for. I carry the .40 as self-defense against possible human encounters. When I come out of the woods, it is often dark. The .40 gives me peace of mind.”


When it comes to wilderness travel, size—or, more specifically, weight—matters. A large-framed .357 Magnum or a .44 Magnum gets very heavy after a long day in the woods. A few ounces here and there really do make a difference. Will a 4-inch barrel do the job, or do you really need a 6-inch barrel?

When I chose my XD-S, size and weight were considerations. I like the .45 ACP round, but a full-sized 1911 adds weight to the overall carry. Think about the ammo you will need to carry. The rounds for a .22 take up much less room and weight than do those of a .45.

So, if you don’t need the .45, don’t take it. Believe me, after 12 years in the military and a lifetime traveling through the woods after deer and grouse, I know that every little bit of weight matters. Consider all your options when deciding on the right wilderness carry for you.

So, let’s change the area. What about if you live in Montana, Wyoming or even Alaska?  There are a ton of different dangers to deal with. Besides coyotes, there are wolves. Besides black bears, they have grizzlies. In some areas, there are also bison, elk and mountain lions—none of which I would want to run into unarmed. In these areas—and believe me, I’ve been there—I would not leave home without a .45 ACP, .45 Colt, .44 Magnum or a 10mm. To be honest with you, I would not go out without a rifle or a shotgun loaded with slugs, either. Gun World Editor Robb Manning, a Wisconsinite, carries a Glock 20C 10mm when at his Northwoods cabin, due to the possibility of bear encounters. He’s identified nine different bears on his property, and it’s also in the territory of a large pack of coyotes. I asked him why a 10mm, as opposed to a .357 or .44 Magnum?

Gun World Editor Robb Manning carries a Glock G20C 10mm when in bear country. The 10mm is a very capable caliber, falling somewhere between the .357 Magnum and .41 Magnum in knockdown power. (Photo: Robb Manning)

“I’m not a big revolver guy,” Robb told me. “The 10mm is somewhere between a .357 Magnum and a .41 Magnum in power, except that with the Glock, I get 15 rounds and a fast reload. I can very easily carry the Glock with two spare magazines, and that gives me 45 rounds. Plus, my G20 is just as reliable as any revolver I’ve ever used.”


While I personally hunt with a long gun and use my sidearm only as a backup, I do know that some people hunt with a handgun. Here, again, it all depends on what you are after: small game (squirrels, rabbits, porcupines, etc.) or big game (boar, deer, bear, etc.). For small game, nothing works better than a .22 LR. It is the universal round and will quickly dispatch squirrels and rabbits. For large game, go to a .357 Magnum, .44 Magnum or a 10mm. Anything smaller will not do the job. As much as I like the .45ACP, it is not a hunting round. It is great as a backup and for personal defense, but not for hunting. I asked Robb about hunting with the 10mm.

He told me that his G20 is for protection, although he has recently gotten a G40. He has not hunted with it yet, but it’s something he’s interested in. If you are hunting with a handgun, remember that you need something with knockdown power and a round that will penetrate. That is where the mentioned calibers fit the bill.

The Smith & Wesson 66-5 .357 Magnum is Mark’s other “big gun.” Shown here is an S&W Model 66 Combat Magnum. (Photo: Smith & Wesson)

You also need to get close. Think like a bowhunter: no long shots here, and 50 yards is probably the maximum effective range. Know your limitations and those of your firearm before you go out. Most states have special regulations in place regarding the minimum caliber for hunting with a handgun, so pay close attention to those rules.

There you have it. I probably stirred up more questions than I answered. The long and short of it is that there are no clear-cut answers. The right wilderness-carry handgun is the one you have confidence in and are comfortable with. Remember: A 10mm is no good if you can’t shoot it with confidence. With that said, in a dangerous situation, any sidearm is better than no sidearm.


Editor’s note: A version of this article first appeared in the May 2017 print issue of Gun World Magazine.